An important teaching concerning pure Consciousness.
- Swami Gambhirananda: 71 pages, Indian paperback 81-85301-344
- Swami Sarvananda: 80 pages, Indian paperback 81-7120-049-4
The Aitareya Upanishad is contained in the Rg-Veda, and forms a part of the Aitareya Aranyaka. It discusses three philosophical themes: first, that the world and man is the creation of the Atman (Soul, Universal Self); second, the theory that the Atman undergoes threefold birth; third, that Consciousness is the essence of Atman.
The Upanishad itself holds, as Shankara argues, the distinct goal of the realization of the identity of the individual soul with Nirguna Brahman, which is pure consciousness.
Both editions include the Devanagri script followed by an English translation and commentary by the translators. A lengthy introduction in both books provide important background material.
For those interested in Brahmavidya, or the direct seeing of reality, the Upanishads are a must reading, and the Aitareya is among the most important. This is an excellent translation by Swami Sarvananda who displays great scholarship as well as depth of understanding of the material. The text is given in both English translation and original Sanskrit in Devanagari text. there is no English transliteration of the Devanagari, but this is only lacking for those who aspire to read the original Sanskrit but who are not yet adept in reading the Devanagari. The introduction is quite valuable for those wishing to understand this and other Upanishads in their historical and spiritual context, and discusses many of the key terms and concepts given in this text. Recommended.